Professor James Goff
JG working
Field of Research: 
Tsunami, natural hazards, coastal geomorphology
Contact details:

Room 637, D26 Building
UNSW, Kensington 2052

Research & Current Projects

I am particularly interested in tsunamis – all aspects of tsunamis - hazard, risk and vulnerability assessment, disaster and emergency management – but in studying this particular natural hazard my interests have quite naturally extended to include a vast range of others. During my career I have worked in environments from the high mountains to the deep ocean and therefore all natural hazards and the associated human-environment interactions are of interest to me.

I have worked on natural hazards such as tsunamis, earthquakes, cyclones, volcanic eruptions, river floods, glacial outbursts, and landslides in Australia, the Antarctic, New Zealand, Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Japan, Solomon Islands, Cook Islands, Chile, Mexico, The Maldives, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Hawaii, New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Pacific Northwest, Canada, UK, France, Greece, Belize, and Wallis and Futuna.

I am Adjunct Professor at the University of Hawaii and University of the South Pacific, and have been Visiting Professor at Arizona State University (USA), University of Canterbury (New Zealand) and the National University of Singapore. I am also Honorary Research Associate at the University of Auckland, and “Scientist-in-Residence” at the Pacific Tsunami Museum, Hawaii.

See also:

Twitter @ProfJamesGoff


CURRENT PROJECTS (Selected Examples)

Developing a tsunami database for Japan

In search of Eltanin – evidence for the tsunami generated by this asteroid impact 2.5 million years ago

Exploring Tsunamis in Gunditjmara Oral Traditions

Purau Bay to Pigeon Bay – searching for tsunamis on the seaward side of Lyttelton Harbour

Atoll flank collapses in the SW Pacific: their role as tsunamigenic sources and their impact on coral reefs

The environmental history of temperate highland sandstone swamps with a particular focus on fire and climatic variability

Caractérisation des impacts morpho-sédimentaires du tsunami de 2009 (Pacifique Sud) et de son backwash sur les plateaux internes



Normile, D. (2011) Tohoku Inundation Spurs Hunt for Ancient Tsunamis. Science, 334, 1341-1343.

Witze, A. (2012) Making Waves, Science News, February 25th, 22-25.

Did “forgotten” meteor have a deadly, icy double-punch”?

Bayliss, R. (2012) Giant asteroid, mega-tsunami may have triggered Ice Age. Cosmos

Geodigest (2012) Future research following the 2011 Tohoku oki eathquake and tsunami. Geology Today, 29 (2), 50-52.

Oskin, B. (2013) Killer Waves: How Tsunamis Changed History

Science Daily (2014): Australian tsunami database reveals threat to continent


Research Students


David Edwards (PhD Candidate) – Bank erosion and boat wakes on the lower Hawkesbury River

Claire Kain (PhD candidate) – Tsunami signatures: Understanding the dynamics of pre-historic tsunamis from evidence in the landscape (Joint supervisor with Dr. Catherine Chagué-Goff)

Darren King (PhD candidate) – Tsunami disturbance, recurrence and risk along the New Zealand’s coast: learning from differences in knowledge, practice and belief (Co-supervisors: Dr. Catherine Chagué-Goff, Dr. Wendy Shaw).

Len Martin (PhD Candidate) (Joint supervision with Associate Professor Scott Mooney)

Jak McCarroll (PhD candidate) A physical examination of topographic rip currents (co-supervisor – main supervisor: A/Prof Rob Brander)

Veronica Ritchie (PhD candidate) – Cultures of disaster survival in the aftermath of tsunamis - Social scientific approaches (Joint supervisor with Associate Professor Wendy Shaw)

Todd Walton (PhD candidate) - Australian rip currents, community knowledge and implications for surf drowning, rescues and education (co-supervisor – main supervisor: A/Prof Wendy Shaw)

Shaun Williams (PhD candidate; University of Canterbury, New Zealand) – Tsunami hazard, Samoa Islands: Palaeotsunami investigation, numerical source modelling and risk implications (co-supervisor – main supervisor: Professor Tim Davies).

Jordan Chan (Honours candidate) – Palaeoenvironmental record from Lake Tiriara, Mangaia, Cook Islands (joint supervised with Dr. Catherine Chagué-Goff)

Jai Donnelly (Honours candidate) – Establishing a rigorous chronology for catastrophic events at Lavericks Bay, New Zealand (joint supervised with Dr. Catherine Chagué-Goff)

Emma McDonald (Honours candidate) - Aboriginal Astronomical Traditions in the Hunter Region, NSW (joint supervised with Dr. Duane Hamacher (Nura Gili), Prof. Ray Norris (CSIRO))


Cass Courtney (PhD, 2012) - Testing the Australian Megatsunami Hypothesis

Cameron Tarbotton (PhD, 2013) - A new approach for assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunamis.

Karina Judd (Honours, 2013) – Geochemical mapping of the inundation limit of three historical tsunamis in New Zealand (joint supervised with Dr. Catherine Chagué-Goff)

Jodie McClintock (Honours, 2013) – Geoarchaeology of the Kapiti coast, New Zealand (joint supervised with Dr. Catherine Chagué-Goff)

Lindsey Blecher (Honours, 2012) - Multi-proxy analysis of the June 1932 Tsunamis on the Pacific Coast of Mexico

Lisa Mackay (Honours, 2012) - A palaeoenvironmental reconstruction to determine European impacts on Marley Lagoon, Royal National Park



GEOS1211 Environmental Earth Science (Course Coordinator)

GEOS3621 Natural Hazards and their Management (Course Coordinator)




Goff, J., Sugawara, D. in press. Seismic driving of sand beach ridge formation in northern Honshu? Japan. Marine Geology.

Goff, J., Terry, J., Chagué-Goff, C., Goto, K. in press. What is a megatsunami? Marine Geology. DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2014.03.013.

Goff, J., Chagué-Goff, C. 2014. The Australian tsunami database - A review. Progress in Physical Geography 38, 218-240.

Kain, C.L., Gomez, C., Hart, D.E., Wassmer, P., Goff, J., Starheim, C. 2014. Assessing topographic controls on flow direction in pre-historic washover deposits using measurements of magnetic fabric. Marine Geology 350, 16-26.

McKay, C., Brander, R.W., Goff, J. 2014. Putting tourists in harm’s way – coastal tourist parks and hazardous unpatrolled surf beaches in New South Wales, Australia. Tourism Management 45, 71-84.

Pilarczyk, J.E., Goff, J., Mountjoy, J., Lamarche, G., Pelletier, B., Horton, B. 2014. Sediment transport trends from a tropical Polynesian lagoon as indicated by Homotrema rubrum (Lamarck) taphonomy: Wallis Island, Polynesia. Marine Micropaleontology 109, 21-29.

Specht, J., Denham, T., Goff, J., Terrell, J.E. 2014. Deconstructing the Lapita cultural complex in the Bismarck Archipelago. Journal of Archaeological Research 22, 89-140.

Terry, J., Goff, J. 2014. Megaclasts: Proposed revised nomenclature at the coarse end of the Udden-Wentworth grain-size scale for sedimentary particles. Journal of Sedimentary Research 84, 192-197.

Chagué-Goff, C., Wong, H.K.Y., Sugawara, D., Goff, J., Nishimura, Y., Beer, J., Szczuciński, W., Goto, K., 2013. Impact of tsunami inundation on soil salinisation – up to one year after the 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami. Chapter 10. In: Y.A. Kontar, V. Santiago-Fandiño & T. Takahashi (eds.). Tsunami Events and Lessons Learned: Environmental and Societal Significance. Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research 35, Springer Science + Business Media Dordrecht. 193-214.

Dominey-Howes, D., Goff, J. 2013 Tsunami Risk Management in Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) – Some Issues, Challenges and Ways Forward. Pure and Applied Geophysics 170, 1397–1413.

Goff J., Dominey-Howes D. 2013. Tsunami. In: John F. Shroder (Editor-in-chief), James, L.A., Harden, C.P., and Clague, J.J. (Volume Editors). Treatise on Geomorphology, Vol 13, Geomorphology of Human Disturbances, Climate Change, and Natural Hazards, San Diego: Academic Press; 204-218.

Nott, J., Chagué-Goff, C., Goff, J., Sloss, C., Riggs, N. 2013. Anatomy of tropical cyclone deposited sand beach ridges – evidence from severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi and of its predecessors. Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface 118,1710–1719.

Terry, J.P., Goff, J. 2013. One hundred and thirty years since Darwin: reshaping the theory of atoll formation. The Holocene 23, 613-617.

Williams, S., Goff, J., Ah Kau, J., Sale, F., Chagué-Goff, C., Davies, T. 2013. Geological investigation of palaeotsunamis in the Samoan islands: Interim field report and research directions. Science of Tsunami Hazards32, 156-175.

Alam, E., Dominey-Howes, D., Chagué-Goff, C., Goff, J. 2012. Tsunamis of the northeast Indian Ocean with a particular focus on the Bay of Bengal Region-A synthesis and review. Earth-Science Reviews 114, 175-193.

Chagué-Goff, C., Andrew, A., Szczuciński, W., Goff, J., Nishimura, Y. 2012. Geochemical signatures up to the maximum inundation of the 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami – implications for the 869 AD Jogan and other palaeotsunamis. Sedimentary Geology 282, 65-77.

Chagué-Goff, C., Goff, J., Nichol, S., Dudley, W, Mooney, S., Zawadzki, A., Bennett, J.W., Heijnis, H., Dominey-Howes, D., Courtney, C. 2012. Multi-proxy evidence for trans-Pacific tsunamis in the Hawaiian Islands.  Marine Geology 299-302, 77-89.

Chagué-Goff, C., Niedzielski, P., Wong, H.K., Szczuciński, W., Sugawara, D., Goff, J. 2012. Environmental impact assessment of the 2011 Tōhoku-oki tsunami on the Sendai plain. Sedimentary Geology 282, 175-187.

Courtney, C., Dominey-Howes, D., Goff, J., Chagué-Goff, C., Switzer, A.D., McFadgen, B. 2012. A synthesis and review of the geological evidence for palaeotsunamis along the coast of SE Australia: the evidence, issues and potential ways forward. Quaternary Science Reviews 54,99-125.

Drozdzewski, D., Shaw, W., Dominey-Howes, D., Brander, R., Walton, T., Gero, A., Sherker, S., Goff, J., Edwick, B. 2012. Surveying rip current survivors: preliminary insights into the experiences of being caught in rip currents. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 12, 1201-1211.

Goff, J. 2012. Tsunamis and stranded vessels: Up Ship Creek without a paddle? Geographical Research 50, 102-107.

Goff, J., Chagué-Goff, C. 2012. A review of palaeotsunamis for the Christchurch region, New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews 57, 136-156.

Goff, J., Chagué-Goff, C., Archer, M., Dominey-Howes, D., Turney, C. 2012. The Eltanin asteroid impact – possible South Pacific palaeotmegasunami footprint and potential implications for the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition. Journal of Quaternary Science 27, 660-670.

Goff, J., Chagué-Goff, C., Nichol, S.L., Jaffe, B., Dominey-Howes, D. 2012. Progress in palaeotsunami research. Sedimentary Geology 243-244, 70-88.

Goff, J., Chagué-Goff, C., Terry, J.P. 2012. The value of a Pacific-wide tsunami database for risk reduction – putting theory into practice. Geological Society Special Publication No 361, 209-220.

Goff, J., McFadgen, B.G., Chagué-Goff, C., Nichol, S.L. 2012. Palaeotsunamis and their influence on Polynesian settlement. The Holocene 22, 1061-1063.

Goff, J., Terry, J.P. 2012. Living with natural hazards in the Asia-Pacific region. Geological Society Special Publication No 3611-2.

Goto, K., Chagué-Goff, C., Goff, J., Jaffe, B. 2012. The future of tsunami research following the 2011 Tohoku-oki event. Sedimentary Geology 282, 1-13.

Johnston, J, Bird, D., Goff, J., Dudley, W. 2012. An examination of hazard communication logs and public response during the 1946 and 1960 tsunamis that impacted Hilo, Hawai‘i. Geological Society Special Publication No 361, 91-105.

Pilarczyk, J.E., Horton, B.P., Witter, R.C., Vane, C.H., Chagué-Goff, C., Goff, J. 2012. Sedimentary and foraminiferal evidence of the 2011 Tôhoku-oki tsunami on the Sendai coastal plain, Japan. Sedimentary Geology 282, 78-89.

Ramírez-Herrera, M.-T., Lagos, M., Hutchinson, I., Kostoglodov, V., Machain, M.L., Caballero, M., Goguitchaichvili, A., Aguilar, B., Chagué-Goff, C., Goff, J., Ruiz-Fernández, A.-C., Ortiz, M., Nava, H., Bautista, F., Lopez, G.I., Quintana, P. 2012. Extreme wave deposits on the Pacific coast of Mexico: tsunamis or storms? - A multi-proxy approach. Geomorphology 139-140, 360-371.

Richmond, B., Szczuciński, W., Chagué-Goff, C., Goto, K., Sugawara, D., Witter, R., Tappin, D.R., Jaffe, B., Fujino, S., Nishimura, Y., Goff, J. 2012. Erosion, deposition and landscape change on the Sendai coastal plain, Japan, resulting from the March 11, 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami. Sedimentary Geology 282, 27-39.

Schallenberg, M., Goff, J., Harper, M.A. 2012. Gradual, catastrophic and human induced environmental changes from a coastal lake, southern New Zealand. Sedimentary Geology 273-274, 48-57.

Tarbotton, C., Dominey-Howes, D., Goff, J.,Papathoma-Kohle, M., Dall’Osso, F., Turner, I. 2012. GIS-based techniques for assessing the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami – current approaches and future steps. Geological Society Special Publication No 361, 115-125.

Terry, J.P., Goff, J. 2012. The special vulnerability of islands to natural hazards. Geological Society Special Publication No 3613-5.

Chagué-Goff, C., Schneider, J.-L., Goff, J., Dominey-Howes, D., Strotz, L. 2011. Expanding the proxy toolkit to help identify past events - Lessons from the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami and the 2009 South Pacific Tsunami. Earth-Science Reviews 107, 107-122.

Etienne, S., Buckley, M., Paris, R., Nandasena, A.K., Clark, K., Strotz, L., Chagué-Goff, C., Goff, J., Richmond, B. 2011. The use of boulders for characterising past tsunamis: Lessons from the 2004 Indian Ocean and 2009 South Pacific tsunamis. Earth-Science Reviews 107, 76-90.

Goff, J. 2011. Evidence of a previously unrecorded local tsunami, 13 April 2010, Cook Islands: Implications for Pacific Island Countries. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 11, 1371-1379.

Goff, J., Chagué-Goff, C., Dominey-Howes, D., McAdoo, B., Cronin, S., Bonté-Grapetin, M., Nichol, S., Horrocks, M., Cisternas, M., Lamarche, G., Pelletier, B., Jaffe, B., Dudley, W. 2011. Palaeotsunamis in the Pacific. Earth-Science Reviews 107, 141-146.

Goff, J., Dominey-Howes, D. 2011. The 2009 South Pacific tsunami. Earth-Science Reviews 107, v-vii.

Goff, J., Lamarche, G., Pelletier, B. Chagué-Goff, C., Strotz, L. 2011. Predecessors to the 2009 South Pacific tsunami in the Wallis and Futuna archipelago. Earth-Science Reviews 107, 91-106.

Goto, K., Chagué-Goff, C., Fujino, S., Goff, J., Jaffe, B., Nishimura, Y., Richmond, B., Suguwara, D., Szczuciński, W., Tappin, D.R., Witter, R., Yulianto, E. 2011. New insights into tsunami risk from the 2011 Tohoku-oki event. Marine Geology 290, 46-50.]

Jaffe, B., Buckley, M., Richmond, B., Strotz, L., Etienne, S., Clark, K., Watt, S., Gelfenbaum, G., Goff, J. 2011. Flow speed estimated by inverse modeling of sandy sediment deposited by the 29 September 2009 tsunami near Satitoa, east Upolu, Samoa. Earth-Science Reviews 107, 23-37.

Moore, A., Goff, J., McAdoo, B., Fritz, H., Gusman, A., Kalligeris, N., Kalsum, K., Susanto, A., Suteja, D., Synolakis, C. 2011. Sedimentary deposits from the 17 July 2006 Western Java tsunami, Indonesia – use of grain size analyses to assess tsunami flow depth, speed, and traction carpet characteristics. Pure and Applied Geophysics 168, 1951-1961.

Richmond, B., Buckley, M., Etienne, S., Chagué-Goff, C., Clark, K., Goff, J., Dominey-Howes, D., Strotz, L. 2011. Deposits, flow characteristics, and landscape change resulting from the September 2009 South Pacific Tsunami in the Samoan Islands. Earth-Science Reviews 107, 38-51.

Dominey-Howes, D., Goff, J. 2010. Tsunami: unexpected blow foils flawless warning system. Nature 464, 350.

Goff, J., Dominey-Howes, D. 2010. Does the Eltanin asteroid tsunami provide an alternative explanation for the Australian megatsunami hypothesis? Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 10, 713-715.

Goff, J., Dominey-Howes, D. Chagué-Goff, C., Courtney, C. 2010. Analysis of the Mahuika comet impact tsunami hypothesis. Marine Geology 271, 292-296.

Goff, J., Nichol, S.L., Chagué-Goff, C., Horrocks, M., McFadgen, B., Cisternas, M. 2010. Predecessor to New Zealand’s largest historic trans-South Pacific tsunami of 1868AD. Marine Geology 275, 155-165.

Goff, J., Nichol, S.L., Kennedy, D. 2010. Development of a palaeotsunami database for New Zealand. Natural Hazards 54, 193-208.

Goff, J., Pearce, S., Nichol, S.L., Chagué-Goff, C., Horrocks, M., Strotz, L. 2010. Multi-proxy records of regionally-sourced tsunamis, New Zealand. Geomorphology 118, 369-382.

Goff, J., Weiss, R., Courtney, C., Dominey-Howes, D. 2010. Testing the hypothesis for tsunami boulder deposition from suspension. Marine Geology 277, 73-77.

King, D., Goff, J. 2010. Benefitting from differences in knowledge, practice and belief: Māori oral traditions and natural hazards science. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 10, 1927-1940.

Lamarche, G., Pelletier, B., Goff, J. 2010. Impact of the 29 September 2009 South Pacific Tsunami in Wallis and Futuna. Marine Geology 271, 297-302.  

Nichol, S.L., Chagué-Goff, C.,  Goff, J., Horrocks, M., McFadgen, B.G., Strotz, L. 2010. Geomorphology and accommodation space as limiting factors on tsunami deposition: Chatham Island, southwest Pacific Ocean. Sedimentary Geology 229, 41-52.

Weinstein, P., Goff, J., Skelly, C. 2010. Do post-disaster public health interventions impede malaria eradication? Medical Hypotheses 74, 403-405.

Dominey-Howes, D., Goff, J. 2009. “Hanging on the line” - on the need to assess the tsunami risk to Australia’s critical submarine telecommunications infrastructure at the Hawaiian bottleneck. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 9, 605-607.

Dudley, W., Goff, J., Chagué-Goff, C., Johnston, J. 2009. Capturing the next generation of cultural memories - video interviewing of tsunami survivors. Science of Tsunami Hazards 28, 154-170.

Goff, J., Chagué-Goff, C. 2009. Cetaceans and tsunamis – whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth? Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 9, 855-857.

Goff, J., Dominey-Howes, D. 2009. Australasian palaeotsunami – Do Australia and New Zealand have a shared Trans-Tasman prehistory? Earth-Science Reviews 97, 159-166. [Q1, IF 8.759, Cited 14]

Goff, J., Lane, E.M., Arnold, J. 2009. The tsunami geomorphology of coastal dunes. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 9, 847-854.

Sheppard, D.S., Christie, A., Goff, J., Carver, R. 2009. Stream sediment geochemical survey in an area of volcanic-hosted epithermal Au-Ag-Pb-Cu deposits and porphyry Cu shows, Thames, Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment and Analysis 9, 279-296.

Goff, J., McFadgen, B.G., Wells, A., Hicks, M. 2008. Seismic signals in coastal dune systems. Earth-Science Reviews 89, 73-77.

Marra, M., Crozier, M., Goff, J. 2008. Paleoenvironment and biogeography of a late MIS 3 fossil beetle fauna from Southern Taranaki, New Zealand. Journal of Quaternary Science 24, 97-107.

Morton, R.A., Goff, J., Nichol, S. 2008. Hydrodynamic implications of textural trends in sand deposits of the 2004 tsunami in Sri Lanka. Sedimentary Geology 207, 56-64.

Regnauld, H., Planchon, O., Goff, J. 2008. Contrôle de l’évolution du littoral de l’Archipel des Malouines: rôle d’un tsunami (Controls on coastal geomorphology of the Falklands Archipelago:  importance of a tsunami on coastal evolution). Geomorphologie: Relief, Processus, Environnement 1, 33-44.

Fritz, H.M., Kongko, W., Moore, A., McAdoo, B., Goff, J., Harbitz, C., Uslu, B., Kalligeris, N., Suteja, D., Kalsum, K., Titov, V., Gusman, A., Latief, H., Santoso, E., Sujoko, S., Djulkarnaen, D., Sunendar, H., Synolakis, C.E. 2007. Extreme runup from the 17 July 2006 Java tsunami. Geophysical Research Letters 34, 1029-1040.

King, D., Goff, J., Skipper, A. 2007. Māori Environmental Knowledge and natural hazards in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 37, 59-73.

McFadgen, B.G., Goff, J. 2007. Tsunamis in the archaeological record of New Zealand. Sedimentary Geology 200, 263-274.

Nichol, S.L., Goff, J., Devoy, R.J., Chagué-Goff, C., Hayward, B., James, I. 2007. Lagoon subsidence and tsunami on the West Coast of New Zealand. Sedimentary Geology 200, 248-262.

Nichol, S., Lian, O.B., Horrocks, M., Goff J. 2007. Holocene record of gradual, catastrophic, and human-influenced sedimentation from a backbarrier wetland, northern New Zealand. Journal of Coastal Research 23, 605-617.

Wells, A., Goff, J. 2007. Coastal dunes in Westland, New Zealand, provide a record of paleoseismic activity on the Alpine fault. Geology 35, 731-734.

Goff, J., Dudley, W.C., deMaintenon, M. Cain, G., Coney, J.P. 2006. The largest local tsunami in 20th century Hawaii. Marine Geology 226, 65-79.

Goff, J., Liu, P., L.-F., Higman, B., Morton, R., Jaffe, B.E., Fernando, H., Lynett, P., Fritz, H., Synolakis, C., Fernando, S. 2006. Sri Lanka after the December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. Earthquake Spectra 22, S3, S155-S172.

Walters, R.A., Barnes, P., Goff, J. 2006. Locally generated tsunami along the Kaikoura coastal margin: Part 1. Fault ruptures. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 40, 1-16.

Walters, R.A., Barnes, P., Lewis, K., Goff, J. 2006. Locally generated tsunami along the Kaikoura coastal margin: Part 2. Submarine landslides. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 40, 17-28.

Walters, R.A. Goff, J., Wang, K. 2006. Tsunamigenic sources in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Science of Tsunami Hazards 24, 339-357.

Wells, A., Goff, J. 2006. Coastal dune ridge systems as chronological markers of paleoseismic activity – a 650 year record from southwest New Zealand. The Holocene 16,543-550.

Goff, J. 2005. Survey of the December 26th 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Sri Lanka. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering 38, 235-244.

Liu, P., L.-F., Lynett, P., Fernando, J., Jaffe, B.E., Fritz, H., Higman, B., Morton, R., Goff, J., Synolakis, C. 2005a. Observations by the International Tsunami team in Sri Lanka. Science 308, 1595.

Liu, P., L.-F., Lynett, P., Fernando, J., Jaffe, B.E., Fritz, H., Higman, B., Morton, R., Goff, J., Synolakis, C. 2005b. Learning from Earthquakes: The Great Sumatra Earthquake and Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 26, 2004.EERI Special Earthquake Report 1-4.

McFadgen, B.G., Goff, J. 2005. An earth systems approach to understanding the tectonic and cultural landscapes of linked marine embayments: Avon-Heathcote Estuary (Ihutai) and Lake Ellesmere (Waihora), New Zealand. Journal of Quaternary Science 20, 227-237.

Goff, J., McFadgen, B.G., Chagué-Goff, C. 2004. Sedimentary differences between the 2002 Easter storm and the 15th Century Okoropunga tsunami, southeastern North Island, New Zealand. Marine Geology 204, 235-250.

Goff, J., Wells, A., Chagué-Goff, C., Nichol, S.L., Devoy, R.J.N. 2004. The elusive AD 1826 tsunami, South Westland, New Zealand. New Zealand Geographer 60, 14-25.

Nichol, S., Goff J., Regnauld, H. 2004. Sedimentary evidence for a regional tsunami on the NE coast of New Zealand. Geomorphologie: Relief, Processus, Environnement 1, 35-44.

Regnauld, H., Nichol, S., Goff, J., Fontugne, M. 2004. Maoris, tsunami, middens and Dune front accretion rate on the northeast coast of New Zealand: resilience of tsunami driven coastal features. Maoris, dépôts alimentaires et taux d’accrétion du front dunaire sur la côte nord est de la Nouvelle Zélande : adaptabilité d’accumulations cotières liées à un tsunami. Geomorphologie: Relief, Processus, Environnement 1, 45-54.